Tag Archives: dog breeders

Dogs: Breeding and Overbreeding

Just for you: a chapter from If You’d Asked Me…the ultimate collection of bathroom or waiting room reading, A new chapter appears here every three weeks, usually by Friday. You can get a complete copy, right now, in PDF format, or, if you like, as a paperback. For details, visit our Books page or send a request through our Contact form.

Section II: Going to the Dogs
(Or Cats)

10. What do you think about breeding dogs to be better for things like being guide dogs?

Possibly if “skills” (i.e., a propensity to do certain things better than others) can be bred in . . . maybe this makes sense.

In so-called “First-World” countries, we overbreed dogs for certain characteristics—usually appearance or protectiveness—and create monsters. Sometimes these results are unintended; sometimes they’re just stupid. But frequently (maybe even invariably?) they create health and temperament problems that harm the animal and create risks and expenses for their humans.

Why not simply select puppies—regardless of breed—that exhibit temperament and characteristics suitable for service dog or seeing-eye work?

DOG: Better rescued, or better from a breeder? If You’d Asked Me… *FREE READS*

Just for you: a chapter from a book in progress. You can buy a copy of the whole book, right now, in PDF format, or, if you like, as a paperback. See the collected chapters so far, FREE online at If You’d Asked Me… For details, visit our home page or send a request through our Contact form.

Section II: Going to the Dogs
(Or Cats)

5. Which do you prefer: Adopting/rescuing a dog or buying from a breeder?

I’m pretty sure that in the future, the dogs that move into the Funny Farm with me will be rescues rather than expensively bred walking vet bills.

With two exceptions — a German shepherd who came to live with us after her humans divorced and a Labrador retriever rejected by her human (an accomplished hunter) because she could not bear to harm her feathered friends, — I’ve bought dogs from breeders hoping to find animals whose personality and appearance are true to type.

Experience suggests this is a bad idea. Why? Well…

  1. When a breed becomes popular, everybody and his little brother, sister, mother, father, aunt, uncle, cousin, and long-lost room-mate takes to peddling that breed. Dog breeding, done right, is not an especially lucrative enterprise, and so it soon gets done wrong. The business of producing of a very popular breed quickly becomes corrupted with questionable practices by questionable people. Some of these entrepreneurial breeders are dishonest; some are just none too bright. In either event, the result is the same: overall the breed is weakened and its representatives take on inbred physical ailments and psychological quirks that will cost you money, will make the resulting animals’ lives short and miserable, and can put people at risk. And that is to say nothing of the grief you will experience in dealing with a dog that is unsound.
  2. Because dog breeding is not especially profitable, people charge ridiculous amounts for the offspring of a pair of dogs for which they themselves paid way too much. A thousand bucks for an allegedly pure-bred puppy? That is effin’ CRAZY! It’s also typical. And it’s also just the start, because many pure-bred dogs are actually inbred and overbred, the result being that they are walking vet bills. While there’s no guarantee that a Heinz-57 pooch will not run up some handsome vet bills, too, your chances of getting a pure-bred dog that will remain healthy for most of its natural lifespan drop dramatically in lock-step with the popularity of the breed.
  3. A dog is…well, a dog. Doesn’t matter what kind of dog it is. It’s a dog. Why should you go off the deep end to acquire a dog whose genes have been artificially manipulated to make it look this way or that way? Is that even a moral thing to do? One could argue, fairly convincingly, that it is not.
  4. Some so-called breeders are not really breeders in the sense of ethical people who are in the business of producing a small number of the best and healthiest dogs possible. Some are actually in the puppy-mill business, cranking out pups as fast as the dam and sire can produce them. Many times these puppies are the offspring of a parent bred back to a grandparent or a cousin, a practice guaranteed to pass health and temperament faults forward.

Personally, I have had a series of experiences with breeders who indulged in various minor dishonesties and larcenies. With just one exception, most of them misrepresented their practices in one way or another. One woman actually told my son that his monorchid dog’s testicles would descend when the pup was about six months old. (Look it up: it’s not hard to get to the bottom of that…uhm…misapprehension.) Fortunately he was able to force her to pay the bill for the VERY expensive surgery required to remove the wandering balls, but only because we had pushed her into a sales contract that guaranteed she’d cover expenses having to do with inbred unsoundness.

That same dog is so neurotic it can not be carried in an automobile, because it will work itself into such a tizzy that it becomes hyperthermic. Just driving the dog across town to the vet can put the animal’s life at risk.

Between the time I snagged my first corgi from the dog pound and the time I decided to get a second one, the breed suddenly got “noticed.” The pup that I bought, while a nice enough little dog and healthy enough (so far), is the most neurotic critter I’ve had this side of my mother’s wacky Chihuahua. Neurotic dogs can, in some circumstances, be cute…but they are invariably a challenge to train and manage. More to the point, though: the difference between a typical representative of the breed from BEFORE it became popular and one from AFTER popularity is striking.

That alone, even without the other three issues enumerated above, is a good reason to avoid buying from a breeder.

My next dog is coming from the dog pound.